The European Parliament has passed a resolution establishing a special tribunal for Russian President Vladimir Putin, according to the legislature’s website. 472 MEPs voted for it, 19 voted against, 33 more abstained.
Members of the European Union should seek the creation of a special international tribunal to prosecute the crime of aggression against Ukraine, committed by the political and military leadership of Russia and Belarus, the European Parliament’s resolution says.
Separately, the message of the European Parliament mentions “atrocities committed by Russian troops” in Irpin and Bucha.
The European Parliament decided that the tribunal against Putin would be held by analogy with the Nuremberg trials – in cooperation with Ukraine and the international community. Such tribunals have previously been set up through the UN to prosecute those responsible for war crimes in the former Yugoslavia and Rwanda.
The first step towards the creation of the tribunal is the investigation of war crimes against Ukraine by the international prosecutor’s office, the resolution says. It is necessary to create a mechanism for investigating such crimes, said European Commissioner for Justice Didier Reynders, speaking to the European Parliament (quote by Deutsche Welle.
The main difficulty in holding such a trial is the fact that Russia is a permanent member of the UN Security Council. Members of the Security Council have the right to veto, so any issue related to the war in Ukraine will be paralyzed.
Putin and Lukashenko are covered by international immunity from foreign criminal jurisdiction, so in any case, strong support from the world community will be needed to organize the process.
Therefore, the main task for the initiators of the resolution is to find a legal justification for the persecution of Putin, the resolution of the European Parliament emphasizes. The document says that The EU and Ukraine should seek support in the UN General Assembly and other international forums.
The creation of the tribunal will show the Russian public and the international community that Putin and his supporters can really stand before the international court, and the crime of aggression in Ukraine, the European Parliament said in a statement.
Ukrainian officials call for an international tribunal for the trial of the Russian leadership from the spring of 2022. Set up a tribunal at the end of the year urged already European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen.
The international court in The Hague is already investigating the crimes of the Russian army. However, he can put in the dock only those directly responsible for the crimes, so the process may not affect Putin and his entourage, the BBC Russian Service wrote.