State Duma introduced mandatory DNA collection from all arrested, suspected and convicted people

The State Duma adopted in the third and final reading the law on the mandatory collection of genomic information of all convicted, suspected and accused of any crimes, as well as during administrative arrest. The document was published in the database of the State Duma.

“The introduction of appropriate changes to the legislation of the Russian Federation is due to the need to increase the efficiency of using genomic information obtained during state genomic registration,” states the explanatory note to the law.

The departments of preliminary investigation bodies, investigative bodies and internal affairs bodies, as well as the investigative committee, are responsible for carrying out genomic registration.

The Bill also clarifies the concept of “genomic information” – that is, biometric personal data, which includes encoded information about certain DNA fragments of an individual or an unidentified body.

The expansion of compulsory genomic registration will have “a very serious deterrent meaning and help in solving crimes”, said Ernest Valeev, deputy chairman of the State Duma committee on security.

Earlier, compulsory genomic registration was applicable only to those convicted under serious articles and for offenses against the sexual integrity and sexual freedom of the individual. In addition, the DNA seized during the search operation and the DNA of unidentified bodies were also added to the genomic database.

At the end of 2022, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed a law on the introduction in the country of a unified system for processing citizens’ biometric data, which prohibits the forced collection of biometrics and genomic information. It is only allowed to take voice samples and photographs of faces, but only with the consent of the citizen.

At the same time, the distribution of biometric data in Russia is defined by law as a voluntary process. Citizens who do not want to provide data should not be denied services. Russians may refuse to submit biometrics in any branch of the MFC, and they may revoke their consent to data processing through the Gosuslugi portal.

Biometric data received from Russians should be stored and processed in a single system linked to a single system of identification and authentication. It is allowed to store, process and use biometric data only on the territory of Russia. Civil, criminal and administrative liability is provided for violation of the rules for handling biometrics.

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