Russian budget lost 40% of customs duties from the import of electronics

Customs duties on the import of household appliances and electronics into Russia are set to drop by 40% in 2022, Kommersant writes, citing two large suppliers familiar with official data.

We are talking about computers, laptops, smartphones, large and small household appliances. According to sources, the decline in customs duty is due to departure of foreign suppliers and legalization of parallel imports.

In particular, small resellers have appeared who import goods in small batches and do not prepare customs documents. “For example, regional networks work with them,” explained one of the interlocutors. Sources have warned that if this situation continues, there will be a 40% decline in payments in 2023.

The Ministry of Industry and Trade denied that parallel imports lead to loss of customs revenue. “The importer importing the goods under parallel import, as well as with the permission of the rights holder, declares the customs value. If it is not in line with the reality, the FCS has the right to fix it,” the agency said.

The commercial director of Holodilnik.ru says that the drop in fees is the result of a decrease in electronics sales Alexey Pogudalov. “The market in 2022 to shrink by over 10% in terms of turnover by 2021 across all categories. And if we analyze April-December compared to the same period last year, the decline was 20-30%.

The duty rate depends on the import VAT: if the VAT is 20%, the customs duty rate varies from product to product. So, for a vacuum cleaner, it will be 3%, and for a smartphone or computer – 0%, says the head of practice of customs law and international trade BGP indictment Alexander Kirilchenko.

“Parallel importers try to find goods at cheaper prices and can import electronics with a lower customs value,” explains Kirilchenko. Besides, such importers do not pay for licensing agreements and do not pay royalties to brand owners, which are also subject to customs duty, say experts.

In connection with the current situation, market participants propose to ban the import of goods produced in Russia, as well as to introduce waste collection for equipment and stimulate demand for Russian products, says Alexey Melnikov, managing partner of F + Huh. Tech-Marvel Group.

However, this will only lead to an increase in the cost of imported goods for Russians and lead to a decline in sales, warns a source in a large retail chain. Anton Guskov, a representative of RATEK (which unites M.Video, DNS, Citilink, and others), says, “the industry is against any increase in tariffs, especially “when the market has to deal with the risk of a shortage of goods. Struggling”.

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